Posts by Charles Zimmerer

IRS tax penalty

IRS Tax Penalty

The Internal Revenue Service IRS imposes an IRS tax penalty for different reasons. Some of the most common irs tax penalties are:

Notably, the IRS imposes interest by law. The IRS is powerless to remove interest unless calculated incorrectly. Conversely, the IRS will pay interest to you if they owe you money.

Can penalties be removed?

Importantly, the IRS removes penalties upon the taxpayer can demonstrating reasonable cause. Otherwise, the taxpayer may request a first time penalty abatement, if they have had a good history for the past three years.

If you receive an IRS notice, you should request that the IRS remove the penalties for reasonable cause and for first time penalty abatement. We usually do this while paying the undisputed amount of income tax and interest.

Penalties during an audit

I would not agree to penalties during an audit, especially if the taxpayer had a good history. Do not agree to an audit report that includes penalties. If you have already agreed to penalties, you could re-open the audit.

If you have any questions, please contact us.


UPDATE: OPKO scheduled to resume trading Friday at 1:15 p.m. EDT.


Opko Health Inc.’s stock closed down 18% on September 7, 2018. Importantly, Nasdaq halted trading in Opko Health, NASDAQ symbol OPK ($OPK) on September 7, 2018 at 14:34:38 Eastern Time at a last sale price of $4.5835. Meanwhile, nasdaq suspended trading since that time. While this has transpired, hurricane florence bears down on the United States.

Equity Options in OPK

Importantly, September 14, 2018 options are set to expire. The Options Clearing Corporation handles options clearing. The OCC issued a notice #43635 regarding equity option expiration on September 11, 2018. Furthermore, the memo indicates that so long as trading is suspended, equity options in $OPK will not automatically exercise even if they are in the money. Importantly, the holder must provide positive exercise instructions to OCC. If trading resumes, then the options will exercise, as normal.

In the money Options

There are several in the money options relating to OPK. The Sept 14 $5.00 put says it appreciated by 650%. See OPK180914P00005000 and OPK180914P00005500.

The Message from OCC


Thank you for using our services. There are a few OCC memos which will help. Hence, the general guidelines memo when a stock halts:

Secondly, a specific reference to OPK options in memo #43635:

Likewise, please keep in mind, these memos concern Exercise by Exception procedures.

In conclusion, thanks again and I hope this helps.


Finally, make sure you monitor this situation like a hawk to ensure yo do not miss an opportunity.


IRS Offer in Compromise (OIC)

IRS Offer in Compromise (OIC)

The IRS Offer in Compromise (OIC). It is an important tax savings vehicle that can result in you paying pennies on the dollar. You’ve seen the commercials. If you owe $10,000 in back taxes, give us a call. The IRS Fresh Start Program. And the commercials go on and on.

How do OICs really work?

An IRS Offer in Compromise (OIC) is not a series of forms such as the Form 656, Form 433 A OIC, or Form 433 B OIC. It’s not an IRS Offer in Compromise Pre Qualifier tool. The IRS Offer in Compromise (OIC) is not a negotiating tool, that allows you to “negotiate” with the IRS, despite what you saw on TV. In fact, an offer in compromise is acceptable to the government when it can collect more by accepting the offer than it would by collecting against the taxpayer.

The government, like other creditors, encounters situations where its tax accounts receivable cannot be collected in full. Also, the taxpayer may present a legitimate dispute as to the amount owed. Therefore, it is an accepted business practice to resolve these issues through negotiation and compromise.

What Offers in Compromise does the IRS actually accept?

The IRS may accept an offer in compromise when it is unlikely that the tax liability can be collected in full. Also, the amount offered reasonably reflects the collection potential or exceeds it. An IRS Offer in Compromise (OIC) is a legitimate alternative to declaring a case currently not collectible or a protracted installment agreement. The goal is to achieve collection of what is potentially collectible at the earliest possible time and at the least cost to the Government.

IRS Collections

Generally, the IRS has 10 years to collect a tax debt from the date of assessment. For example, a 2018 tax return is due on April 17, 2018. Therefore, the assessment occurs on the day of filing the tax return filed, or April 17, 2018 (tax day). The debt would therefore expire on April 17, 2028. This is called the collection statute expiration date, or CSED. The IRS generally actively collects during the first 7 years, although the debt remains in force for 10. Federal tax liens show the CSED date.

 Installment Agreement

The IRS usually will offer an installment agreement for 72 months. That’s 6 years. If you pay using an IRS installment agreement, bear in mind a 0.5% penalty added to the balance monthly, plus interest, which I estimate at 0.5%. Interest rates are rising, so its simply an estimate.

OIC Payment plan

The OIC generally has two payment options. One is in less than 24 months. The second is up to 60 months.

Currently Not Collectible

Currently not collectible means that the IRS cannot collect. In essence, the taxpayer is unable to pay back taxes. There can be many reasons. For example, under IRS Collection Financial Standards, the taxpayer does not have income to service the debt. This might include corporations, limited liability partnerships (LLP), exempt organizations, or LLCs, deemed inactive and defunct with no assets. The collection of the liability would create a hardship for taxpayers by leaving them unable to meet necessary living expenses.

Accepted OICs

Therefore, if your IRS Offer in Compromise (OIC) offers more than can be collected, it has a strong chance of being accepted. If the debt can be paid in full for 72 months, the length of the installment agreement, then the OIC has a low chance of acceptance.

The Secret to OIC Acceptance

Our firm has had success in accepted OIC for persons and businesses. This is because we have presented a strong case that the taxpayer is offering more than is otherwise collectible. We do not accept the IRS’s standardized quick sale values, or QSV. Rather, we estimate a reasonable discount upon quick sale value and discount that pursuant to the taxpayer’s marginal tax rate, which in some cases is higher than the standardized IRS values.

In conclusion, to induce the IRS to accept an OIC, you should present that case that the government will receive more than it would otherwise in the collections process.

Contact us if you need some help.


August 27th, 2018 — Brickell, Miami, FL

By Alexander Tecle

#Ketogenic Diet #Fitness Goals # Financial Goals # Financial Plans

After 10 Years of living a sedentary life style as a financial advisor in corporate firm, I decided to make a change. During this time, I tried to work out, but no matter how hard I worked out, I never saw permanent results that lasted. I tried numerous diets, but nothing that stuck and that I enjoyed. I decided to everything in my life that contributed to this unhealthy lifestyle had to change. I quit my job, became an independent financial advisor, and committed to a rigorous work out regimen. However, these changes didn’t come full circle until I decided to commit to the ketogenic diet. The Ketogenic Diet was designed specifically for me to reduce the amount of my caloric intake, cut out all carbs from my diet, and only eat meals of fats and proteins, which would trick my body into burning fat. The diet combined with a cardio-boxing workout routine was my plan to lose 25 pounds of fat and increase my muscle definition. My goal was to reduce my body fat percentage from 23% to 13%. I retained the advice and services of a nutritionist, my primary care doctor, and personal trainer. I had Dexascan and various blood tests performed to measure my exact body fat percentage and saw a nutritionist to build my ketogenic diet plan. I even bought a specialized meal plan and made sure that I didn’t deviate from my diet and workout plan. While I was in the middle of my plan, I realized that the principles and discipline were the same those that I advocated to my clients to adhere to while investing their life savings.

As I did in the beginning, I accessed where I was with my body fat percentage and took precise and scientific measurements of the current state of my health. With my clients, before I make an investment recommendation, I always organize a financial plan, which accesses their current finances and future goals. Once I had a good understanding of my health and fitness welfare, I created a set of goals and gave myself deadlines and actionable steps to follow to reduce my body percentage and increase my muscle tone and definition. In the same light, once I have a clear understanding of my client’s financial goal and resources, I create a timeframe and a recommendation of the allocation of resources needed to accomplish these goals. (retirement, education, vacation, or legacy goals) I make an assessment of their current investments and isolate key factors of risk that might prevent the client from accomplishing their goals within the selected timeframe. After the assessment is made, I make a recommendation of changes needed to be made to my client’s investment accounts and I create an investment plan, that through stress testing, ensures that my clients will meet their goals successfully. After addressing any issues that my clients my have with the proposed plan and changes to their investments and savings habits, I implement the planned changes. Through various applications and monitoring devices my team of health and fitness professionals continued to monitor my progress and checked in for adjustments to ensure optimal results. Similarly, I create a plan to monitor and rebalance the portfolio within regular intervals to ensure that my clients financial plan is on track to reaching their goals. This process is akin to visiting my nutritionist, primary care doctors, and revisiting my workout plan with my trainer regularly. Before long, my body fat percentage was around 13% and my need for such a drastic change in my diet was no longer the priority and my diet was shifted to regular carbohydrate and protein rations to account for fuel my muscle growth and gain. My entire team of health and wellness professional worked in unison to make the necessary changes to account for the change in my goals and to make sure my fitness and well being were being coordinated with care and precision.

Lesson’s to Be Learned!
1. Everybody should have a team of professionals helping to assess their current circumstance and to help them create a plan to accomplish their goals.
2. Everybody must have actionable steps necessary to accomplish their goals and to benchmark their progress while completing these steps with their team of professionals.
3. Once the goal is accomplished, everybody should maintain the relationship with their team to shift from meeting the goal to maintaining and controlling the circumstance to avoid from digressing away from the results attained by accomplishing the goal.

August 27, 2018 — Brickell, Miami, Florida

#broker #brokerage

What is the difference between a broker and an investment advisor? Compensation. Brokers are compensated as a commission on sale. Advisors are compensated for assets under management. The advisor is compensated to retain and grow assets, not lose them. Brokers are compensated to sell.

What’s an independent advisor? An independent advisor never receives a commission for placing a trade. They’re simply not licensed for that. They act as a fiduciary. While it’s legal to be a broker and an investment advisor, the incentive to make a commission (broker) may be stronger than the incentive to act solely as a fiduciary.

Independent also means that the advisor may recommend securities that are not sponsored by the custodian because they are not in the client’s best interest.

You have the right to inquire whether your financial representative is an advisor or broker, or both. Consider all investment decisions wisely.

Here’s an article explaining it further.

August 25, 2018 — Brickell, Miami, Florida

#restrictedstockunits #RSU

How Restricted Stock units are taxed
Restricted Stock Units

Today were going to be speaking about restricted stock units – RSUs. Restricted stock units are restricted primarily because the employer wants to maintain the employees’ long-term incentive to stay employed. Restricted stock units are restricted from sale to encourage the employee to continue working at the company. When a restricted stock unit becomes unrestricted it is included to the employee is income. RSUs are taxed as ordinary income on your annual income tax return (IRS Form 1040) at the time the time restriction expires. And if you then sell the stock, any gain is either taxed as a short-term or long-term capital gain. If your company stock appreciates in value gains become taxable when you sell the stock. The way that you will know whether you have a short term or long term capital gain is based on the holding period from the date you take possession. Thank you very much and we hope you enjoy this video from anthem advisers. Watch our video on Restricted Stock Units.


August 22nd, 2018 — Brickell, Miami, Florida

#Bull Market #Longest Running Bull Market #Protect

By Alexander Tecle.

Longest Bull Market in History!!

Many market commentators have declared today, August 22, 2018, as the mark of the longest running Bull Market in History!

There is much debate about when exactly the market started its ascent after the Financial Crisis in 2008. Many have stated that tying the bull market run to the bottom of the market on March 9th, 2009 is incorrect and the proper way to measure the start of a bull market is to start from the date at which the market breaches its previous high level. The date of this occurrence would have been February 19th, 2013, which is the date that the S&P 500 surpassed its October 2007 high. Other market analyst argue that the definition of a bull market is arbitrarily decided by market technicians as a period of uninterrupted growth of 20% and are never interrupted by a 20% fall.

These ideas of bull and bear market reflect a consensus of confidence for either a stronger or weaker outlook in the market. There are many articles that dive into the minutiae of discounting intra-day volatility and adding credence to the implications of monetary policy intervention softening the true impact of global geopolitical shocks. I have read numerous articles that attempt to reduce much of the merit of the current “Bull Market Run” because the global economic recovery was spurred on by unprecedented help from the global central banks and we have yet to see a prolonged period of unaided global growth.

Whatever your position, there is very little dispute about the fact that global corporate revenue and profits continue to reach new record levels every day and that general global business sentiment has reached peak levels not seen since before the Financial Crisis of 2008. Nobody knows how much further we have till the bull market ends and we see prolonged value contraction in stock market. After any prolonged period of market growth, it is never a bad idea to start protecting your gains and to be cautiously optimistic about the future. If you would like any assessment on how to start protecting your portfolio, and if necessary how to handle the tax implications of such moves, we are ready and willing to assist all that are in need. Happy August 22nd, 2018 to Us All!!


August 22nd, 2018 — Brickell, Miami, Florida

#FOMO #Cryptocurrency #diversify

By Alexander Tecle.

FOMO!!! The Other Side of Fear of Missing Out!

After a couple of calls with Crypto investors today, I have come to realize that the fear of missing out in investing is a two-way street. Many investors bought cryptocurrencies in 2017 during their meteoric rise and realized much of their losses while the asset class plummeted in a wave of unmatched historic volatility. Few of the late investors held on to their crypto holdings during the great crash starting in Dec 2017. The media dubbed the craze FOMO (Fear of Missing Out) of the insanely high returns realized by the early investors.

Within a few weeks of the market decline, the late investors were out and were traumatized. However, after speaking to some of the early investors in crypto, I realize that there is a different type of FOMO. After an 60-80% decline from the top of the market, some of the early investors are still holding their Cryptocurrency investments and still have gains from their original purchase price.

However, their FOMO is of a different kind! They are holding their investments in Cryptocurrency in the hopes of the world returning back to the craze of the crypto markets that they experienced in 2017. They are holding on to the hope that the cryptocurrency market will never revert below their initial purchase (which is extremely low) and that the demand for crypto currency investments will come back to its insanely high level (Pre-Crash), which will allow them to take the opportunity to cash out of the crypto market, an action that they didn’t take before the crash.

Many of these early investor haven’t even considered the fact that the crypto market could continue it’s decent to being worthless. Their FOMO is one of only considering the obscene profits that they failed to take and would hope that the of the world will buy back in one more time to allow them to take their forgotten profits. I was of one of the late investors and I can tell you with all certainty that you shouldn’t hold your breath for me to buy back into the crypto market. As far as everybody else!! FOMO!!!


August 21, 2018 — Brickell, Miami, Florida

#invest #economiccycle #diversify #etf #dow #nasdaq #retire #assetprotection

By Alexander Tecle.

Investing in Bonds.

In a world of low bond yields, we often hear from investors that they are using stock screeners to look for high-dividend paying stocks. While high quality bond yields are ranging from 2.46%-3.86%, investors are still seeking high dividend paying stocks yielding 5.00% and up. Above 5%, they encounter assets with high income yields such as Master Limited Partnerships MLP’s and Business Development Companies BDCs.

We have found that investors, hungry for higher yield, do not dissect the true nature of the distributions from these companies. Distributions from these types of high income payouts can consist of either dividend payouts of retained earnings or return of capital dividends. A dividend is a taxable distribution of a portion of a company’s earnings, decided by the board of directors, paid to its shareholders. A capital distribution is typically not taxable for shareholders, as it is viewed as a return of the capital that investors paid in.

Capital distributions are not a preferred form of dividend. They often indicate a company is struggling to generate earnings and free cash flow. Investors should be wary of abnormally high dividend yields and should dissect the true nature of the payout–dividend or capital distribution. If an investor is head strong about seeking higher yielding investments, without considering the nature of the payout, they could be investing into an unhealthy company. No good can come from investing in a business with a high distribution payout when the the company is headed to bankruptcy.

Invest. It’s important to invest in an informed manner.  Ensure that you understand your holdings and that they are right for you.

August 20, 2018 — Coconut Grove, Florida

By Alexander Tecle; Topic: Business Cycles

Why is it important to understand the business cycle? Business cycles have been a key to our economy and can be traced back to the 1800’s. A cycle is wave- like rise and fall of economic activity. This touches every aspect of the economy to include employment, production, sales, profits, wages, and credit. Consumer durables and capital goods are cyclical in nature and fluctuate directly with the business cycle. It is usually irregular in intensity and longevity. It is fueled by forces with the economy and by external forces such as war, scientific discoveries, and political movements.

The four phases of the business cycle are: Expansion, Peak, Contraction/Recession, Trough

From Morningstar

The characteristics of each phase of the business cycle are:

(1) Expansion (Moving toward Peak). In general, things are improving! Characterized by: Improving Gross Domestic Product, Rising Interest Rates, Rising Inflation, Unemployment, Decreasing Expansion of Credit Into the Economy.

(2) Peak (Moving toward Contraction). The height of the cycle has been reached. Characterized by: GDP at highest, Inflation and interest rates at highest, Unemployment at lowest.

(3) Contraction/ Recession (Moving toward Trough). Things are on their way back down. Characterized by: GDP slowing, Inflation and interest rates start to decline, Unemployment starts increasing.

(4) Trough: GDP at lowest level, Inflation and interest rates at lowest level, Unemployment at its highest

In Conclusion, it is imperative to understand where we are in the business cycle because certain types of assets perform differently in each part of the cycle. Therefore, there are different types of assets that you can hold that can perform and protect your assets in depending upon the part of the economic cycle we are in. You can create an investment strategy based upon the economic cycle. See an article by Fidelity. For more information on the economic cycle see this article by Morningstar.

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